A review of the women offender risk/need research: PS83-3/386E-PDF

in search of gender-neutral, women-salient and women-specific risk factors /

"This report summarizes studies that have directly examined the hypothesis that women offenders are different. Adult offender studies were included if they have examined whether any of the ‘Central Eight’ risk/need factors or gender responsive factors predict criminal recidivism in samples of women offenders, or in mixed-gender samples of adult offenders. An attempt was made to classify factors as gender-neutral, gender-salient, or gender-specific. Gender-neutral risk factors are factors that predict recidivism to the same extent in men and women offenders. Gender-salient risk factors are factors that predict recidivism in both genders, albeit the strength of the effect is stronger in one gender than the other. Lastly, gender-specific risk factors are factors that are truly unique risk factors for one gender and not the other; thus they would predict recidivism in one gender but not the other. The search focused on studies published predominately after 1990 and ended March 25, 2016. In total, 30 articles were included in the final annotated bibliography. Sixteen of the articles reviewed included direct gender comparisons; 14 articles were women-only studies"--Executive summary, p. iii.

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Department/Agency Correctional Service Canada. Research Branch.
Title A review of the women offender risk/need research
Subtitle in search of gender-neutral, women-salient and women-specific risk factors /
Series Title Research report ;
Publication Type Series - View Master Record
Language [English]
Other Language Editions [French]
Format Electronic
Electronic Document

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Note Issued also in French under title: Examen de la recherche sur le risque et les besoins chez les délinquantes : à la recherche de facteurs de risque sans distinction de sexe, prépondérants chez les femmes et propres aux femmes. "June 2017."
Date 2017.
Number of Pages v, 30 p.
Catalogue Number
  • PS83-3/386E-PDF
Subject Terms Inmates, Women, Risk management