Evaluation of CFD tools for crude oil fire simulations (modeling steps in openFOAM and FDS) / author(s), Islam Gomaa, Nour Elsagan, Cecilia Lam and Yoon Ko. : NR24-37/2019E-PDF

"Numerical modelling technique has been proposed to simulate fire incidents involving crude oil tank cars. This technique could complement scaled experiments to gain insight into the physics of large fire incidents and therefore better manage involved risk. … To this end, two computational fluid dynamics (CFD) tools have been explored to be used in the simulations of crude oil pool fire. The first tool was the "open Field Operation and Manipulation" (openFOAM). The other tool was the "Fire Dynamics Simulator" (FDS). Both tools have been explored in terms of governing equations solved, sub models used, discretization methodology and structure of input file(s). Also, modelling steps in each tool were outlined and explained in this report. A preliminary numerical model of a heptane pool fire, tested in Sandia's fire facility, was used for demonstration purposes. Advantages and disadvantages of each tool were listed in the "Summary and Conclusions" section of the report. Both tools could be used to simulate crude oil fires involving engulfed objects. After carefully examining each tool, it would be beneficial to use both tools for the next steps of numerical modeling work. The goal then will be to recommend a robust tool to investigate fire incidents related to the transport of crude oil"--Executive summary, page 1.

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Renseignements sur la publication
Ministère/Organisme National Research Council Canada, issuing body.
Titre Evaluation of CFD tools for crude oil fire simulations (modeling steps in openFOAM and FDS) / author(s), Islam Gomaa, Nour Elsagan, Cecilia Lam and Yoon Ko.
Type de publication Monographie
Langue [Anglais]
Format Électronique
Document électronique
Note(s) At head of title: Construction.
"Report no.: A1-010647-02."
"Report date: 14-08-2019."
Includes bibliographical references (pages 23-24).
Information sur la publication [Ottawa] : National Research Council Canada = Conseil national de recherches Canada, 2019.
Auteur / Contributeur Gomaa, Islam, author.
Description 1 online resource (ii, 25 pages) : illustrations (chiefly colour)
ISBN 9780660302836
Numéro de catalogue
  • NR24-37/2019E-PDF
Descripteurs Petroleum -- Combustion -- Mathematical models -- Computer programs.
Fires -- Mathematical models -- Computer programs.
Computational fluid dynamics.
Pétrole -- Combustion -- Modèles mathématiques -- Logiciels.
Incendies -- Modèles mathématiques -- Logiciels.
Dynamique des fluides numérique.
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