Statistics Canada - Statistique Canada

Interprovincial and international trade in Canada 1992-1998


This publication summarizes and analyzes interprovincial and international trade flows from 1984 to 1996. In 1984 the value of provincial exports were almost equally divided between markets within and outside Canada. Interprovincial and international sales expanded at an identical pace into the 1990's, but changed dramatically from that point. The 1990's in Canada have already experienced, an economic downturn, five years of sluggish domestic demand and the advent of the Canada-U.S. Free Trade Agreement and NAFTA. Canadian producers over this period have strongly focused on foreign markets to expand industrial production, and demand has also shifted somewhat toward foreign goods, leaving the levels of international sales in 1996 well above those of internal trade. With the continuing shift to a service based economy, non-merchandise trade has also become a larger share of provincial exports and imports. Over the 1984-96 period, interprovincial trade in services increased fourfold in relation to goods. The analysis of individual provinces and territories, is enhanced by charts and tables that illustrate: how trade has evolved annually from 1984 to 1996; the types of goods and services traded; and, developments of economic linkages among the provinces.

Click the
title to
File type
1992-1998 (PDF - 6733K)
1984-1996 (PDF - 3287K)